Creation of 3 solar farms In Jordan by the Orange Group

As part of its commitment to be Net Zero in 2040, the Orange Group has deployed three solar farms in Jordan, with the objective of supplying around 70% of the electricity needs of its subsidiary in Jordan. The deployment of similar projects in other countries in the Africa-Middle East region is being studied.

Main project's drivers for reducing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

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Energy and resource efficiency

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Energy Decarbonisation

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Energy efficiency improvements

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Improving efficiency in non-energy resources

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Emission removal

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Financing low-carbon issuers or disinvestment from carbon assets

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Reduction of other greenhouse gases emission

Project objectives

Replace 65% of the electricity - relatively carbon-intensive coming from the Jordanian grid - consumed by the Orange subsidiary in Jordan, with the electricity produced by 3 solar farms.

Detailed project description

Orange is present in 18 countries in Africa and the Middle East. With sales of €5.8 billion in 2020, Orange MEA is the Group’s leading growth zone.

The Orange Group is committed to being Net Zero Carbon by 2040. As part of its Engage 2025 strategic plan, the Group has taken intermediate targets to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, scopes 1 and 2 by -30% in 2025 compared to 2015 and to reach at least 50% of renewable electricity at the Group level in 2025. The Group acts for example with the development of PPAs (Power Purchase Agreements) in Europe – with contracts already signed in Spain, France and Poland – and via the ESCO (Energy Services Companies) program or the deployment of solar farms in the Africa and Middle East regions.

The Jordanian project presented here is emblematic of the Group’s actions to develop the use of renewable energy in the MEA region.

In addition, prior to this project, the price of electricity was rising sharply in Jordan (+5% per year), which resulted in an annual electricity bill growing significantly for Orange Jordan.
In order to limit Jordan’s dependence on external suppliers, the Jordanian government has enacted a law to allow self-generation of electricity.

The project presented here took advantage of this opportunity to reduce the Group’s greenhouse gas emissions in Jordan and reduce the annual energy costs of Orange Jordan.
The project involved the construction and commissioning, in partnership with the Jordanian company Kawar Energy, of three farms with a combined capacity of approximately 36.5 MWp (MégaWatt peak). These 3 farms were commissioned during 2019 and, in 2020, provided more than 65% of Orange’s energy needs in Jordan.

These solar farms are located in Amman, al-Khalidiya, and in the Mafraq development area. They deliver electricity to the grid through the so-called wheeling process. The solar farms were built by the Jordanian company Kawar Energy, which also operates and maintains them.

Orange has thus profoundly altered its sources of electricity supply in Jordan, through the use of new solar energy resources built on its initiative.

Taking into account the CO2 emission factor resulting from Jordan’s energy mix, this implementation corresponds to approximately 26,000 tonnes of CO2 avoided per year, or about 2% of the Group’s annual emissions (scope 1&2).

A study is underway for the deployment of equivalent projects in other countries in the area, subject to national regulations allowing it.

In addition, in several of its subsidiaries in the MEA region, Orange deploys innovative solar solutions and latest generation batteries at its technical sites, with partners specialized in energy. In total, Orange has equipped 5,400 telecom sites with solar panels in the MEA region (some 100% solar, others hybrid) saving 55 million litres of fuel each year.

Emission scope(s)

on which the project has a significant impact

Scope 1

Émissions directes générées par l’activité de l’entreprise.

Scope 2

Émissions indirectes associées à la consommation d’électricité et de chaleur de l’entreprise.

Scope 3

Émissions induites (en amont ou en aval) par les activités, produits et/ou services de l’entreprise sur sa chaine de valeur.

Absorption d’émissions

Création de puits de carbone, (BECCS, CCU/S, …)

Émissions évitées

par les activités, produits et/ou services de l’entreprise ou par le financement de projet de réduction d’émissions.

Scope 2 – The project contrbutes to scope 2 emissions reduction

  • Quantification :- 26,000 tCO2 of scope 2 emissions reduced by 2019, calculated in accordance with the GHG Protocol market based method and in accordance with the AFEP methodology;

In 2019 Orange Jordan consumed 52 GWh having as origin the production of its 3 solar farms. The emission factor of the Jordanian grid was in 2019 of 497g CO2éq /KWh. According to the GHG Protocol, market based assessment, the emission factor used for the electricity coming from solar energy is 0 gCO2éq / KWh. Then the reduced Scope 2 emissions assessed for 2019 are : 52 GWh * 497 * 1000000 / 1000000 = 25 844 tonnes CO2éq

Key points

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Invested amount


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Starting date of the project


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Project localisation


Project maturity level

Prototype laboratory test (TRL 7)

Real life testing (TRL 7-8)

Pre-commercial prototype (TRL 9)

Small-scale implementation

Medium to large scale implementation

Economic profitability of the project (ROI)

Short term (0-3years)

Middle term (4-10 years)

Long term (> 10 years)

Illustrations of the project

This solar farm project will:

  • Address climate change through contribution to national targets (NDCs) identified in the Paris Agreement
  • Promote economic development and reduce the need for fossil fuel imports
  • Create local employment opportunities, especially for young people

The Sustainable Development Goals concerned are the SDG 13 Climate change, SDG 7 Clean and Affordable Energy, SDG 8 Decent Work and Economic Growth and SDG 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Reproducibility possible in MEA zone (Africa and Middle East).

Potential Impact: Reduction of Scope 2 emissions.


  • in Morocco, it would be possible to reduce by about 100,000 tCO2 eq.per year

in Egypt, this would represent about 110,000 tCO2 eq.per year

Partnerships have been established with the Jordan Kingdom Ministry of Energy and Mineral resources, ant Kawar Energy.

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