Methodology

To reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, the projects are divided into 7 types of levers:  

Energy decarbonisation

the project aims to reduce the share of fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) in the energy mix of the company or its stakeholders.

Energy efficiency improvement

the project aims to improve the energy performance of its activities or those of its stakeholders, i.e. to reduce energy consumption for the same service provided.

the project reduces the consumption of "material or living" resources (but whose carbon intensity is significant given their need to be transformed by energy-consuming processes) of the company or its stakeholders for an identical service.

Sobriety in energy and non-energy resources

the project aims to reduce the consumption of energy or non-energy resources (but whose carbon intensity is significant) of the company or its stakeholders by changing uses or behaviour. In the end, the "service provided" is not identical; it is adjusted to a lower need

Emission removal

the project increases carbon sinks that sequester carbon originally stored in the atmosphere. The project can also use the carbon dioxide in an industrial process. These “negative emissions” represent an absolute and actual flow of carbon removed from the atmosphere.

Financing of low-carbon issuers or disinvestment from carbon assets:

The project reduces the carbon footprint of the company's investment portfolio by financing issuers with low-carbon activities and projects or, conversely, by disinvesting carbon assets.

Reduction of other greenhouse gases

The project aims to reduce, avoid or capture the emission of one or more greenhouse gases, other than carbon dioxide (CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6).

For each project sheet, a methodology is suggested to define the climate impact of the action implemented. To do so, it measures several characteristic variables:

1

The emissions induced by the implementation of the project, according to the different scopes described below: 

  • Scope 1 , which refers to direct emissions generated by the company’s activities;
  • Scope 2 , which refers to indirect emissions related to the use of electricity or heat imported by the company;  
  • Scope 3 , which refers to indirect emissions induced by the company’s activities, products and services at its suppliers’ or customers’ sites.

2

Avoided emissions resulting from the implementation of the project, i.e. the positive gain between the emissions of the project on the one hand, and the emissions of the baseline scenario that would have occurred in the absence of the project, on the other hand. Avoided emissions are neither added to nor subtracted from the emissions induced by the project.

3

How the project contributes to the creation of direct carbon sinks, i.e. net carbon sequestration assets owned directly by the company, or indirect carbon sinks, i.e. net carbon sequestration assets financed by the company at its suppliers or its customers or outside its value chain. The project may also use the carbon dioxide in an industrial process.

The carbon impact of each project is defined according to the physical quantities involved: quantity of energy used, quantity of raw materials consumed, quantity of products sold and quantity of CO2 absorbed. Each physical quantity evolving during the project is characterised by an emission factor which defines its carbon intensity.

The carbon impact is then calculated as follows: Reduction in physical quantities of carbon × associated emissions factor.

Each project sheet also provides data on the investment made by the companies and the reproducibility capacity of the project. For each indicator present in the project sheet, the element activated by the project is indicated in blue.

The information contained in each project sheet is the sole responsibility of the company carrying out the project.

Finally, a dedicated box allows you to:
  • Download the complete project sheet in pdf format;
  • Access additional information through the URL links provided by the company carrying the project;
  • Contact the company directly.

Afep would like to thank Romain Grandjean and Margaux Coudour for their contributions to the success of Ambition 4 Climate process, as well as Lisa Morzadec for the design and development of the platform.